Dating of old testament books
In the second section the beliefs, practices, and culture of Judaism are discussed.The sacred texts of revealed religions may be eternal and unchanging, but they are understood and applied by human beings living in time.Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews.Judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.Furthermore, God—as person—had revealed in a particular encounter the pattern and structure of communal and individual life to this people.
Furthermore, each period of Jewish history has left behind it a specific element of a Judaic heritage that continued to influence subsequent developments, so that the total Jewish heritage at any given time is a combination of all these successive elements along with whatever adjustments and accretions have occurred in each new age.
The universal goal of the Jewish people has frequently expressed itself in messianism—the idea of a universal, political realm of justice and peace.
In one form or another, messianism has permeated Jewish thinking and action throughout the ages, and it has strongly influenced the outlook of many secular-minded Jews ( eschatology).
The biblical authors believed that the divine presence is encountered primarily within history.
God’s presence is also experienced within the natural realm, but the more immediate or intimate disclosure occurs in human actions.Judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable cultural traditions.